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LINQ Inner Join with AND and OR condition

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  Author : Shailendra Chauhan
Posted On : 16 Jul 2014
Total Views : 88,701   
Updated On : 16 Jul 2014
 

LINQ has a JOIN query operator that provides SQL JOIN like behavior and syntax. As you know, Inner join returns only those records or rows that match or exists in both the tables. The simple inner join example is given below:

DataContext context = new DataContext();
var q = (from pd in context.Products
 join od in context.Orders on pd.ProductID equals od.ProductID
 orderby od.OrderID
 select new
 {
 od.OrderID,
 pd.ProductID,
 pd.Name,
 pd.UnitPrice,
 od.Quantity,
 od.Price,
 }).ToList();

Inner Join with AND condition

Sometimes, you need to apply inner join with and condition. To write query for inner join with and condition you need to make two anonymous types (one for left table and one for right table) by using new keyword and compare both the anonymous types as shown below:

DataContext context = new DataContext();
var q=from cust in context.tblCustomer
 join ord in context.tblOrder
// Both anonymous types should have exact same number of properties having same name and datatype
 on new {a=(int?)cust.CustID, cust.ContactNo} equals new {a=ord.CustomerID, ord.ContactNo}
 select new 
 {
 cust.Name,
 cust.Address,
 ord.OrderID,
 ord.Quantity
 };
// Generated SQL
SELECT [t0].[Name], [t0].[Address], [t1].[OrderID], [t1].[Quantity]
FROM [tblCustomer] AS [t0]
INNER JOIN [tblOrder] AS [t1] ON (([t0].[CustID]) = [t1].[CustomerID]) AND ([t0].[ContactNo] = [t1].[ContactNo])

Note

  1. Always remember, both the anonymous types should have exact same number of properties with same name and Datatype otherwise you will get the compile time error "Type inference failed in the call to Join".

  2. Both the comparing fields should define either NULL or NOT NULL values.

  3. If one of them is defined NULL and other is defined NOT NULL then we need to do typecasting of NOT NULL field to NULL data type like as above

Inner Join with OR condition

Sometimes, you need to apply inner join with or condition. To write query for inner join with or condition you need to use || operator in where condition as shown below:

DataContext context = new DataContext();
var q=from cust in context.tblCustomer
 from ord in context.tblOrder
 where (cust.CustID==ord.CustomerID || cust.ContactNo==ord.ContactNo)
 select new 
 {
 cust.Name,
 cust.Address,
 ord.OrderID,
 ord.Quantity
 };
// Generated SQL
SELECT [t0].[Name], [t0].[Address], [t1].[OrderID], [t1].[Quantity]
FROM [tblCustomer] AS [t0], [tblOrder] AS [t1]
WHERE (([t0].[CustID]) = [t1].[CustomerID]) OR ([t0].[ContactNo] = [t1].[ContactNo])
What do you think?

I hope you will enjoy LINQ query with AND and OR conditions while programming with LINQ. I would like to have feedback from my blog readers. Your valuable feedback, question, or comments about this article are always welcome.



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