Angular Forms and Validations
Forms are the mandatory building blocks of a web application. You use forms for various activities like user login or signup, book a flight, place an order, etc.
In this article, you will learn about different ways of creating forms in Angular. Angular provides two ways to create forms – Template Driven and Model-Driven.
Angular Form Building Blocks
The basic building blocks of an Angular form are FormsGroup, FormControl, FormArray, and Validations.
Angular Form and Form Controls States
Angular Forms and their controls do change in their states as the user starts interaction with the form input controls. This state transition is helpful to get the information about the form and its input control state. Based upon the get information you can show or hide error messages and even you can check the validity of the form.
untouched => touched
invalid => valid
pristine => dirty
Angular Form Validations
Angular Form Validations are based on HTML5 validations. Angular Form Validations validate the user input for accuracy and completeness. All validations are performed on the client side.
Angular Forms Built-In Validation
email – supports in Ng4
Template Driven Form
In template-driven forms, we don't create Angular form control objects but Angular directives create them for us using the information from our data binding configuration.
We don't have to push and pull data values because Angular handles that for you using the ngModel directive and Angular updates the mutable data model according to user changes as they happen while using the form.
Template-driven Form is set up and configured in HTML Code. Template-driven Form is easy to use and suits simple form. Template-driven Form uses directives (ngForm, ngModel) and reference name(#refName) for creating forms.
The model-driven form is set up and configured in the component class. It is based on a reactive style of programming where you use the underlying APIs FormControl and FormGroup that track the value and validation status. Reactive forms offer ease of testing and validation.
Template Driven vs. Model Driven Form
What do you think?
Forms are almost always present in any website or application because user input is one of the commonly used required features. Forms can be used to perform countless data-entry tasks such as account creation, login, placing orders, finding records, online bidding, and so on.
Building easy-to-use forms require design and user experience skills, as well as a framework with support for two-way data binding, change tracking, validation, and error handling such as Angular.
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