Differences between Object, Var and Dynamic type

Shailendra Chauhan  Print   2 min read  
21 Mar 2014
26 Apr 2019
Intermediate
156K

C# is rich in data type. It provides three types Object, Var and Dynamic to store data of any type. In this article, I am trying to explore the differences between these three.

Difference between Object, Var and Dynamic type
Object
Var
Dynamic
The object was introduced with C# 1.0
Var was introduced with C# 3.0
Dynamic was introduced with C# 4.0
It can store any kind of value because the object is the base class of all type in .NET framework.
It can store any type of value but It is mandatory to initialize var types at the time of declaration.
It can store any type of the variable, similar to the old VB language variable.
The compiler has little information about the type.
It is type-safe i.e. Compiler has all information about the stored value, so that it doesn't cause any issue at run-time.
It is not type safe i.e. Compiler doesn't have any information about the type of variable.
The object type can be passed as a method argument and method also can return object type.
Var type cannot be passed as a method argument and method cannot return object type. Var type work in the scope where it defined.
Dynamic type can be passed as a method argument and method also can return dynamic type.
Need to cast object variable to original type to use it and performing desired operations.
No need to cast because the compiler has all information to perform operations.
Casting is not required but you need to know the properties and methods related to stored type.
Cause the problem at run time if the stored value is not getting converted to an underlying data type.
Doesn't cause a problem because the compiler has all information about stored value.
Cause problem if the wrong properties or methods are accessed because all the information about stored value is getting resolve only at run time.
Useful when we don’t have more information about the data type.
Useful when we don’t know the actual type i.e. type is anonymous.
Useful when we need to code using reflection or dynamic languages or with the COM objects because you need to write less code.
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What do you think?

I hope you will enjoy these three types while programming with C#. I would like to have feedback from my blog readers. Your valuable feedback, question, or comments about this article are always welcome.

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