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SQL Server XQuery Methods

31 Aug 2022
3 min read  

Sql Server provides xquery methods to query xml file or xml data. Using these methods we can Insert, Update, Delete data in xml file or in XML Data Type variable. In Sql Server XQuery statements are case sensitive since xml is case sensitive. Hence while query to xml data remember this thing.

XQuery Methods

we have following xml data to implement all the XQuery methods given below.

  1. xml.exist()

    This method returns a boolean value depends upon the condition in this method like as

     SELECT @xml.exist('/Suppliers/User[@Email = ""]') as Result1
    SELECT @xml.exist('/Suppliers/User[@Email = ""]') as Result2 
  2. xml.query()

    This method takes an XQuery statement and returns an instance of the XML data type like as

     SELECT @xml.query('/Suppliers/User') as Users 
     SELECT @xml.query('distinct-values( data(/Suppliers/User/Item/@No))') as Items 
  3. xml.value()

    This method takes an XQuery statement and returns a single value after type casting like as

     SELECT @xml.value('/Suppliers[1]/User[1]/@Email', 'VARCHAR(20)') as ResultEmail1
    SELECT @xml.value('/Suppliers[1]/User[2]/@Email', 'VARCHAR(20)') as ResultEmail2 
  4. xml.nodes()

    This method takes an XQuery statement and returns a single value after type casting like as

     SELECT x.value('@UserNo', 'int') AS UserNo, x.value('@Email', 'varchar(50)') AS Email
    FROM @xml.nodes('/Suppliers/User') TempXML (x)
     SELECT x.value('../@UserNo', 'int') AS UserNo, x.value('../@Email', 'varchar(50)') AS Email, x.value('@Name', 'varchar(50)') AS ItemName
    FROM @xml.nodes('/Suppliers/User/Item') TempXML (x)
  5. xml.modify()

    This method takes an XQuery statement and modify the xml data like as

     --Insert node in the end of XML 
    SET @xml.modify ('insert  as last into (/Suppliers)[1]')
    SELECT @xml;
     --Update node in xml
    DECLARE @UserNo int =120
    SET @xml.modify ('replace value of (/Suppliers/User/@UserNo)[1] with sql:variable("@UserNo")')
    SELECT @xml;
     --Update node in xml conditionally
    SET @xml.modify(' replace value of (/Suppliers/User/@UserNo)[1] with ( if (count(/Suppliers/User[1]/Item) > 2) then "3.0" else "1.0" ) ')
    SELECT @xml;
     --Delete node in xml SET @xml.modify(' delete Suppliers/User/Item[@No=1]')
    SELECT @xml;
     --Delete node in xml depends on condition
    DECLARE @ItemNo int=1
    SET @xml.modify(' delete Suppliers/User/Item[@No=sql:variable("@ItemNo")]')
    SELECT @xml;

In this article I try to explain the Sql Server XQuery methods with example. I hope after reading this article you will be able to query xml in Sql Server. I would like to have feedback from my blog readers. Please post your feedback, question, or comments about this article.

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Shailendra Chauhan (Microsoft MVP, Founder & CEO at Scholarhat by DotNetTricks)

Shailendra Chauhan is the Founder and CEO at ScholarHat by DotNetTricks which is a brand when it comes to e-Learning. He provides training and consultation over an array of technologies like Cloud, .NET, Angular, React, Node, Microservices, Containers and Mobile Apps development. He has been awarded Microsoft MVP 8th time in a row (2016-2023). He has changed many lives with his writings and unique training programs. He has a number of most sought-after books to his name which has helped job aspirants in cracking tough interviews with ease.
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