Difference between WCF and Web Service

Shailendra Chauhan  Print 
20 Mar 2014
29 Aug 2018
Intermediate
130K

.NET provides various options for creating services under .NET Framework. Before WCF, ASP.NET Web Services are used to create service in .NET Framework. Now WCF is the latest programming model for building and developing the service-oriented application.

WebService is language independent and Web Services communicate by using standard web protocols and data formats, such as - Http, XML, Soap.

WCF allows applications to communicate with each other in the distributed environment. WCF is a set of technologies that covers ASMX web services, Web Services Enhancements (WSE), .NET Remoting and MSMQ. In this article, you will learn the difference between ASP.NET Web Service and WCF.

Difference between WCF and ASP.NET Web Service

WCF
ASP.NET Web Service
ServiceContract and OperationContract attributes are used for defining WCF service.
WebService and WebMethod attributes are used for defining web service.
Supports various protocols like HTTP, HTTPS, TCP, Named Pipes and MSMQ.
Supports only HTTP, HTTPS protocols.
Hosted in IIS, WAS (Windows Activation Service), Self-hosting, Windows Service.
Hosted only in IIS.
Supports security, reliable messaging, transaction and AJAX and REST supports.
Support security but is less secure as compared to WCF.
Supports DataContract serializer by using System.Runtime.Serialization.
Supports XML serializer by using System.Xml.Serialization.
Supports One-Way, Request-Response and Duplex service operations.
Supports One-Way and Request-Response service operations.
WCF are faster than Web Services.
Web Services are slower than WCF
Hash Table can be serialized.
Hash Table cannot be serialized. It can serializes only those collections which implement IEnumerable and ICollection.
Unhandled Exceptions does not return to the client as SOAP faults. WCF supports better exception handling by using FaultContract.
Unhandled Exceptions returns to the client as SOAP faults.
Supports XML, MTOM, Binary message encoding.
Supports XML and MTOM (Message Transmission Optimization Mechanism) message encoding.
Supports multi-threading by using ServiceBehaviour class.
Doesn’t support multi-threading.
What do you think?

I hope you will enjoy the both ASP.NET Web Service and WCF. I would like to have feedback from my blog readers. Your valuable feedback, question, or comments about this article are always welcome.

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