Xamarin Forms is a part of Xamarin family to build truly native apps for iOS, Android & Windows from a single and shared code base using C#. Xamarin.Forms offers the UI controls/views which you can use to develop UI. These UI controls/view at run-time are converted to platform-specific UI controls.
A Xamarin.Forms Button view will map to an Button on Android, a UIButton on iOS and a Button on Windows Phone or Windows UWP.
Xamarin Forms allows developers to declare the UI using XAML (Extensible Application Markup Language) or C# code. Using Xamarin Forms approach you can develop truely native cross platform mobile apps with shared UI and code behind code using c#.
Xamarin Forms Architecture
Xamarin.Forms is an abstraction layer on the top of the Xamarin.iOS and Xamarin.Android to build shared UI using XAML or C# code. It also allows to interact with the platform specific APIs to access mobile native features.
Xamarin Forms allows you to develop truely cross platform native apps for android, iOS and windows using C#. A Xamarin forms project for Android, iOS and Windows UWP are based on theirs platform standard project structure. Xamarin forms development you can do using IDEs - Visual Studio for Windows and Xamarin Studio or Visual Studio for Mac.
Visual Studio for Windows need a connection with Mac machine to develop iOS apps.
Xamarin (Xamarin.iOS, Xamarin.Android & Windows) vs. Xamarin Forms
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